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Economics Europe Natural resources and energy

Gas sector reform in Ukraine: unfinished business

Reforming the gas sector remains one of the most crucial pre-requisites to achieving a genuine political transformation in Ukraine.

Economics Europe Technology and infrastructure

Belarus on the cusp of a (tech) revolution?

New legislation puts Belarus at the forefront of the cryptocurrency boom – and shows the government’s commitment to attracting long term IT investment.

Europe Politics

Catalonia: the rise of Ciudadanos

Elections in Catalonia delivered a blow to Madrid and provided separatists with a relative victory. They also cemented the rise of the Ciudadanos party, with implications for Spain’s national politics.

Europe Politics

Four scenarios for Italy’s legislative elections in 2018

The upcoming elections in Italy increase the risk of political uncertainty. GRI looks at the potential outcomes of these polls.

Europe Politics Power Brokers

Russia’s election year: What to expect from Putin 4.0

Putin enters the Presidential election year of 2018 in arguably his strongest-ever position internationally – and the weakest (relatively speaking) he has been domestically.

Europe Politics Security

Europe’s main challenge in 2018 will come from within

European leaders enter the new year with a number of serious challenges on their agenda: from Russia, from the US, but mainly – from the erosion of democratic values in Europe itself.

Europe Politics

Instability is a bigger risk than populism in the Czech Republic

Much is being made of the Czech Republic’s turn to populism and Euroscepticism, but the bigger risks from recent elections are fragmentation, legislative gridlock and instability.

Europe Security

Italy’s emerging terrorist threat

The recent apprehension of the Moroccan Nabil Benhamir in Genoa has sparked renewed interest for Rome’s counterterrorism strategy. Although Italy is a high symbolic country and despite the Islamic State’s repeated calls for attacks, the country has not suffered a major jihadist terrorist attack – yet.

Europe Politics

Ulyukayev trial suggests elite discord in Russia

Alexei Ulyukayev’s conviction of bribery is a win for Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin, but Russian elites are increasingly concerned about Sechin’s influence.

Europe Security

Security risks at the FIFA 2018 World Cup

Russia will host the FIFA 2018 World Cup between 13 June and 16 July, and given the recent foiled plot in St Petersburg, security risks will be a top priority. Sporting events will take place in 11 cities and thousands of foreign visitors are expected to travel to Russia.