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Economics International

International agreements: a sprinkle of optimism

Global headlines tend to focus on an increasingly hostile trade environment and withdrawals from trade agreements. However, this article examines the lesser known progress being made across the globe, which can foster a positive tone for international cooperation.

Economics Europe

Can Kosovo’s tariffs on Bosnia and Serbia last?

On 21st November, Kosovo imposed a 100% tariff on all goods produced in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, increasing the 10% tariffs that were imposed on 6th November. The tariffs contradict the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) of which all three territories are signatories. Kosovo has issued similar tariffs before and regularly claims that its products are not treated equally in other CEFTA members’ markets, but it is also seeking to use tariffs for political purposes.

Economics Natural resources and energy North America Politics

The Energy Briefing: AMLO’s nationalist agenda clouds future for Mexico’s energy sector

Leftist candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s victory casts a shadow over the future of Mexico’s ongoing energy reform. Will the country’s new preident find the right balance between pragmatism and ideology?

Economics Europe

UN report puts German automakers in unfamiliar territory

The German auto industry has at times seemed invincible–but not of late. With the EU moving to curb emissions following the recent UN IPCC report on the acceleration of climate change, and technological advantages in China, Japan, and the US, the Germans find themselves in a surprising place: last.

Economics Europe

Europe looks towards Russia in response to US foreign policy

President Trump’s use of economic sanctions as foreign policy has led European countries, especially Germany and France, to consider following in Russia’s footsteps. This includes setting up financial institutions beyond American influence to safeguard their interests.

Economics Middle East/North Africa

Qatar: Beyond the blockade

Beyond its swift financial recovery, Doha has made a series of strategic policy moves that signals a new era of global engagement and positions the small but wealthy Gulf nation to emerge from the ordeal stronger than ever.

Economics Europe

Challenges lie ahead for the European Union’s lofty new Africa plan

The European Commission’s renewed efforts to increase investment in Africa may signal a new commitment to take their economic partnership to the next level. But can the EU achieve its trade ambitions while being pulled in so many different directions?

Economics International

The end of NAFTA? Perspectives from Mexico, Canada, and the US

24 years ago, on the 1st of January 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Mexico, the United States, and Canada came into force superseding the former Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States.

Central America Economics Environment

The outlook for Costa Rica’s electric vehicle revolution

Costa Rica has introduced tax incentives for the electrical vehicle industry, which is likely to experience exponential growth in the next two decades. Risks to investors nonetheless remain.

Economics Latin America

How market-friendly are Brazil’s presidential candidates? Part II

The 2018 presidential election is set to be the “election of hope” for the people of the country, but so far the race is wide open. GRI’s Lorena Valente revisits the candidates and how their views on the economy have evolved in recent months – or not.