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China Economics

China’s Plan for the Post-Pandemic World Order: The Dual Circulation Strategy

On the 5th of February, 2021, China’s National People’s Congress passed the fourteenth five-year economic plan (14FYP) from 2021 to 2025. A core component of the 14FYP is the Dual Circulation Strategy (DCS). First set forth by President Xi Jinping during the Politburo Standing Committee Meeting of May 14th, 2020, the DCS is set to determine legislative, diplomatic and economic developments in China for the coming decade. Yet, the DCS is not well-defined. By looking into its origins, context, and objectives, this article will forecast the systemic changes to the Chinese economy introduced by the DCS. This article will argue that the DCS is nothing but a plan to advance China’s economic and political interests by strengthening its domestic market, achieving technological self-sufficiency, and promoting the adoption of its standards.

China Security

China in Mali and the Sudan: A Stepping Stone to Greater Chinese Influence in the UN?

China is pushing to become a bigger player in UN peacekeeping. Past involvements in conflicts in Mali and Sudan have shown that China is capable and willing to involve its own troops in UN missions. The decreased presence of other major contributors has allowed China to gain more influence within the UN. It is likely that China will capitalise on this, but at what cost?

China Politics

The West Watches for a Sino-Russian Military Alliance

As a way to counterbalance a newly unified West under the Biden administration, China and Russia are steadily closing ranks. What was once a relatively cold relationship between Beijing and Moscow is now gradually evolving into a tacit, yet firm, geo-political and military cooperation.

China Technology and infrastructure

China and the Semiconductor Industry: What to Expect Under the Biden Administration

In recent years, China has tried to gain more independence. It can safely be said that, In the last decade, China has developed new technology in every sector, and is

China Technology and infrastructure

China’s Technological Self-Reliance Ambitions: Updates from the Fifth Plenum

[Article by Josh Bramble.] Beijing has long focused on self-reliance in technological innovation as a goal to mitigate dependence on foreign firms. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Central Committee’s Fifth

China Economics

China’s pivot towards domestic-driven growth: not as easy as Xi hopes

China desperately wants to and must recover from its long-lasting dependence on exports as a means of economic growth. This is the objective of the dual-circulation strategy, which is set to become Beijing’s escape plan from the feared middle-income trap. However, with domestic consumption still weak, China is unable to survive without a good injection of public investment to boost its economic engine. The rush of rapid supply-side growth is hard to give up for a country used to abnormally high levels of GDP growth. 

China Environment

Carbon Neutral by 2060? The Environmental Implications of China’s New Climate Target for Southeast Asia

On September 22, China announced its long term target to be carbon neutral by 2060 and  reach peak CO2 emissions before 2030. This has been deemed a game-changer for international

China Environment

China’s Renunciation of Single-use Plastic

Recently, China has decided to gradually abolish the use of single-use plastic. This decision was reached by  the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) at the beginning of 2020. The reason why they  would make this decision is quite simple: China has contributed to worldwide pollution much more than  other countries. 

China Politics

Hong Kong’s Erosion of Independence

On June 30th, the Chinese Government enacted the National Security Law for Hong Kong. This has criminalized any acts of “secession”, “subversion”, “terrorism” and “collusion with a foreign country”. It

China Economics

COVID-19: China’s e-commerce

All markets and industries have struggled under the strain of coronavirus and the measures implemented to combat it. Firms and individuals alike have sought out ways of mobilising solutions in response to the challenges COVID-19 presents.