Starting with the 2012 France attack, single-assailant terrorist attacks have increasingly come to define the security environment in Western Europe.
The western rise of populist nationalism turned its head to a series of European elections in the Netherlands, France, and Germany.
Instability from Russia, the U.S. and Middle East is waking Germany from its post-Cold War slumber: it must take more responsibility for its own security.
Greece is in the spotlight as debates regarding its bailout continue. Its fate is in the hands of the IMF, the EU and upcoming elections in Europe.
As the Islamic State loses territory in Syria and Iraq, the radical Islamist group is likely to increase its focus on foreign operations leading to a heightened terrorist threat in Europe for 2017.
With 2017 fast approaching, Europe and the EU will likely continue to be exposed to a range of security, financial and political risks.
The recent surge of single-assailant terrorist attacks is part of the Islamic State’s strategy to create a climate of insecurity in Europe.